organization studies, that is, the societal consequences of management and organization (Khurana, 2007; Stern & Barley, 1996).
However, extant organization and management theory has remained partially distinct from studies of the work of occupations,
even those intimately related to management (Beckhy, 2011).
Indeed, the logics of work organizations have often been seen as in competition with those of occupational groups and individuals
working in specialized roles (Ackroyd, 2002). Yet, it is hard to understand, say, the governance structures of many organizations
without reference to the different individuals and groups who are both conditions and consequences of them (Fligstein, 1990).
Various expert occupations are key agents in the changing nature of business organizations, and yet are also subject to managerial
discourses and practices themselves.
Thus, management and related occupations are all in flux and interact, typically in organizational contexts, and this has
real implications for individuals, institutions and societies. This means that they need to be looked at together, both empirically
and in a multi-disciplinary way.